Psoriasis on the hands is a rash in the form of red spots caused by chronic inflammatory processes in the skin. May affect shoulders and forearms, as well as hands, including palms and nails.
The disease is characteristic of middle-aged and elderly people. Further, about the key characteristics of psoriasis, some photos of the initial stage on the hands, the causes of the pathology and the strategies for its therapy.
Causes of psoriasis on the hands
Among the key causes of the disease are:
- genetic predisposition
- disorders in the immune mechanism,
- endocrine problems,
- hormonal disruptions
- transferred viral and infectious diseases,
- metabolic problems, prolonged or severe stress,
- regular contact with harmful chemical elements (including those that are part of cosmetics),
- skin injury.
Psoriasis can also be caused by poor nutrition, alcohol and cigarette abuse, and a long course of potent drugs (such as antidepressants and steroids).
The risk group includes people with a tendency to allergic reactions.
With psoriasis on the hands, the causes and treatment are closely interconnected, photos of the variety of manifestations of this disease are proof of this.
Symptoms of psoriasis on the hands
Signs of psoriasis on the fingers and palms occur suddenly. Initially, small rashes appear, which over time turn into large spots. The manifestation of psoriasis on the hands:
- Clearly defined papules having a round shape of bright pink color.
- Dry, reddish spots raised above the skin are psoriatic plaques.
- Peeling, itching in the area of formed plaques.
- Possible bleeding of the skin at the site of localization of papules, plaques.
- Very often, with psoriasis, the nails are affected (“thimble symptom”) - small dots appear, the nail plate begins to exfoliate.
- Psoriasis of the hands is manifested as follows: a rash begins on the back of the palm, between the fingers and on them. The danger of psoriasis on the hands is that it can go into a severe form - psoriatic arthritis. In this disease, the joints are affected, which leads to swelling of the hands, their deformation, impaired extension function - flexion.
Psoriasis is a condition in which the process of cell division is disrupted, as a result of which they begin to divide 5-10 times faster than healthy cells. With psoriasis, skin cells actively multiply, and immune cells and blood vessels are soon connected to this process. Psoriatic plaques occur in place of smooth skin. The spot rises above the surface of the skin, blood vessels increase, as a result of which a plaque forms, raised high above the surface of the skin.
Psoriasis is not shared by gender or race. Most often, the disease manifests itself between the ages of 15 and 35 years, as well as after 60 years.
Stages of psoriasis on the hands
Since this disease is chronic, it has a certain sequence of course.
There are three key stages in the development of pathology:
- Progressive or initial. On the hands, shoulders, between the fingers or in the fold zones, several reddish spots form. They are accompanied by peeling, swelling of the skin and intense itching. Gradually, the number of formations increases. As psoriasis begins in the arms, photos of the symptoms are well demonstrated.
- Stationary. Other formations are not formed, and existing ones are covered with silver scales, which are easy to remove. The itching either subsides significantly or completely disappears.
- Stage of regression. External manifestations weaken and gradually disappear. Sometimes pigmentation may appear at the site of the rash.
With each new exacerbation, all three stages are repeated. What psoriasis looks like on the hands is possible to see in the photo.
The disease may not make itself felt from 2 months to several years.
Why, having spent time and money, do patients turn to Oxford Medical?
Psoriasis is a polyetiologic skin disease, manifested by a monomorphic rash. Pathology is chronic. Psoriasis flows in waves, periods of relapse and remission are possible.
Relapse can be triggered by the lack of adequate treatment, alcohol abuse, stress, etc. The rash in both adults and children spreads gradually, involving more and more skin. Psoriasis is characterized by the formation of raised reddish dry spots with a scaly silver-white surface. Such a rash is called "psoriatic plaques."
Most often, psoriasis is observed in the elbow and knee bends, on the buttocks, that is, in places of greatest pressure and friction. In some cases, a rash occurs on the scalp, palms, feet, and external genitalia. Psoriatic plaques on the face are very rare.
A high-quality and complete cure for psoriasis, eczema, mycosis and other common diseases at the Oxford Medical Vinnitsa Medical Center is made possible thanks to an integrated approach to the identified problem.
Why does psoriasis begin in the arms
Psoriasis on the hands in the form of single on-duty plaques is only a seemingly local pathological process. In fact, even 1 - 2 elements of the rash indicate the presence of chronic inflammatory skin disease. Medicine has not yet been able to solve all the secrets of this disease. Absolutely, the causes of psoriasis have not been identified. It is only known that the pathological process is based on burdened heredity and immunity disorders.
Currently, the genes responsible for the hereditary transmission of predisposition to psoriasis, including on the hands, are being identified and studied. Under the influence of genes, there is a change in metabolism and a decrease in the content of enzymes that destroy the substances involved in inflammatory reactions.
Immune disorder also occurs, which leads to a multiple acceleration of cell division of the surface layers of the skin. Cells do not have time to mature when new cells lying under them push them to the surface. This is another cause of psoriasis in the arms.
Such changes lead to the appearance of characteristic symptoms of the disease. What does psoriasis look like in the arms? At first, on the hands, sometimes on other parts of the body, a flaky spot appears, which quickly turns into a papule with a raised inflammatory base. Papules grow, merge, forming huge plaques.
But not all genetically predisposed people develop the disease. The reason is the absence of exposure (or minor exposure) of provoking factors. If you avoid the action of these factors, then you can never get sick even with psoriasis in both parents.
Causes of psoriasis in the hands
What causes the appearance of a rash in the form of rough plaques on the palms of hands and in areas of flexion of the upper limbs? It is not always possible to understand right away. The main causes of psoriasis on the hands are:
- hereditary predisposition to the disease,
- the result of infectious, viral and colds,
- metabolic disorders and hormonal pathologies (diabetes mellitus),
- stressful situations, nervous breakdowns, emotional upheavals,
- frequent contact with aggressive chemicals (household chemicals, cosmetics),
- skin injuries (abrasions, wounds, abrasions, scratches).
Psoriasis may occur due to severe stress.
What triggers psoriasis
The causes of psoriasis on the hands and the appearance of rashes, both on the hands and throughout the body are the same. Nowadays, there is no one approved point of view on the origin of the disease. Scientists only make assumptions based on years of research on the disease. The most reliable opinions include the following theories:
- Immune Theory Some scientists believe that the cause of the development of the disease is a malfunction in the normal functioning of human immunity. In simple words, the body's immune cells perceive their dermal cells as a foreign organism and begin to reject them, causing a strong inflammatory process. But numerous studies do not fully support this opinion. Only a few facts speak of the veracity of the assumptions.
- Genetic theory. Proponents of this point of view argue that the disease is hereditary. According to medical statistics, more than 60% of all patients with psoriasis, one of the relatives also suffered from pathology. Also, the impetus for the appearance of the ailment can be incorrect protein metabolism, interruptions in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, as well as a viral infection.
- Incorrect metabolic processes in the body. A violation of healthy metabolic processes can be influenced by many factors. These include a cold and dry climate, bad habits, skin injuries, malfunctioning of the organs of the endocrine system. Psoriasis on the hands can also develop due to exposure to skin chemicals.
The causes of the disease
Despite numerous clinical studies, the attending physicians still have not been able to determine the exact reason why psoriasis of the skin can occur. There are only a number of predisposing factors, due to which the course of the disease can worsen. Many experts believe that this affliction is affected by the gender and age of the patient. So, in dark-skinned patients, psoriasis is practically not diagnosed. In their skin there is a specific substance that interferes with disturbances in the functioning of cell tissue. In women, psoriasis in the vast majority of cases occurs against the background of a hereditary factor. In addition, the following reasons can cause this ailment in women:
- Living in a specific climate
- The presence of bad habits,
- Hormonal disbalance,
- Constant stress and overvoltage,
- Taking certain medications
- The consequences of injuries of the skin.
Keep in mind that such factors can provoke an exacerbation of this ailment. If you minimize them in your life, the likelihood of psoriasis will be extremely small. Try to undergo regular tests with your doctor, this will minimize the likelihood of complications. To determine the causes of psoriasis in men, doctors have not yet been able to.
Most often, this is caused by metabolic disturbances, when a significant increase in glucose, cholesterol, carbohydrates in the blood occurs in his body. Doctors often say that psoriasis on the hands is caused by the following reasons:
- Chronic sleep deprivation,
- Exposure to cold temperatures
- Unbalanced diet
- Inadequate hygiene.
World Health Organization statistics show that in recent years more and more children are beginning to experience psoriasis. Usually it becomes generalized - it affects a fairly large area of the skin. If at least one parent has psoriasis, the risk of its occurrence in children increases to 50%. Psoriasis in children can also be caused by the following reasons:
- Long heat stroke
- Consequences of infectious diseases
- Stress and worry
- The presence of allergic reactions,
- The consequence of intense fright,
- Lack of a balanced diet,
- Powerful hypothermia.
What does psoriasis of the initial stage on the hands look like
To prevent the spread of psoriasis throughout the body, you should know what the first pathological symptoms look like. Timely identification of the disease can reduce its impact on the quality of life of the patient, since it is still impossible to completely cure the disease.
With psoriasis, manifested on the hands or in any other part of the body, single red papules appear. They can be of various sizes from 2-3 mm. and up to 5 cm, but always round. Their surface is covered with white scales.
When scraping, a symptom of the psoriatic triad occurs:
- The scales are easy to remove.
- After removing them, moist, thin skin becomes visible.
- When combing a thin layer of the epidermis, droplets of blood are visible.
If these symptoms are found, you should immediately contact a dermatologist. He will prescribe medications to ease the course of the disease and reduce the rate of development of psoriatic plaques. Modern medicine allows you to temporarily eliminate skin manifestations of psoriasis, but the sooner the patient turned to a specialist, the greater the chance of getting the desired result.
Causes of the disease
The causes of psoriasis symptoms are divided into two categories:
Many people wonder if psoriasis is contagious to others or not. Pathology is not contagious, that is, it is not transmitted to others. Among the causes of psoriasis are:
- Hereditary predisposition.
- Endocrine diseases (diabetes mellitus, thyroid dysfunction).
- Stress, mental stress.
- Parasitic infestations (giardiasis, ascariasis, damage to pork or bovine tapeworm).
- Metabolic pathologies (a particular danger is silicon deficiency).
- Predisposition to allergies.
- Infectious diseases of a viral nature.
- Weak immune system.
- Long-term use of drugs.
The initial stage of psoriasis can occur under the influence of several factors:
- nervous conditions
- poor diet
- excessive drinking
- living in a place with an unfavorable environment,
- long-term medication
- contacting with household chemicals.
But it is worthwhile to understand that an illness can develop only if there is a hereditary factor. A genetic predisposition is usually realized by the age of 25-30, but the disease can also occur in children.
According to most experts, this ailment is a genetically determined pathology. If parents suffer from dermatoses, a child is more likely to develop psoriasis when exposed to certain factors.
Factors that determine the beginning of the development of pathology are:
- allergic reactions
- severe infectious diseases
- decreased immune defense of the body,
- endocrine system diseases,
- exhaustion of the nervous system.
Also, the long-term use of certain drugs used to treat chronic diseases can become an impetus for the development of a disease in a person prone to dermatoses.
Subtypes of psoriasis on the hands
Psoriasis of the skin of the hands has four main varieties:
- Pustular form. It is usually localized on the forearms and palms. The formations are in the form of small reddish spots with purulent contents. They are called pustules. Pustules can merge with each other into larger formations. This subtype is among the most dangerous varieties, since it can lead to complications in the form of severe swelling of the palms and the development of nephropathy.
- Teardrop shape. Typically, the rash goes to the upper areas of the arm, in the shoulder area. In their outlines, the formations resemble drops.
- Plaque form. Or classic. Reddish plaques come out on the skin, sometimes merging with each other.
- Nail psoriasis. On the plate, vertical or transverse lines of a light shade are formed. The skin around the nail becomes thicker and denser. Over time, the nail plate is destroyed.Treatment of psoriasis of fingernails usually does not differ from the usual.
Among other things, psoriatic lesions are classified by localization. It can affect the shoulders and forearms, palms and back of the hand, fingers, interdigital area and nails. For different types of psoriasis, a photo of the symptoms on the hands will help to understand the differences.
Factors that trigger the onset of psoriasis on the hands
Factors that contribute to the development of hand psoriasis are divided into general and local. Common factors include:
- sedentary lifestyle, overweight, obesity,
- hormonal disruptions, the hormonal system is one and a failure in one link will necessarily lead to numerous disorders in the body, including metabolic and immune disorders,
- improper irregular nutrition, the use of a large number of high-calorie foods, meat, sweets,
- bad habits - smoking, alcohol abuse,
- prolonged stress, high mental and physical stress,
- long-lasting chronic diseases and foci of infection that contribute to the development of intoxication, under the influence of which the metabolism is disturbed, matter.
Very often, psoriasis on the hands is provoked by the following local factors:
- permanent mechanical injury to the skin of the hands - abrasions, scratches, wounds,
- frequent exposure to the skin of various chemicals: household chemicals, industrial hazards, etc.,
- constant stay in the cold - this leads to a spasm of small blood vessels, a violation of the nutrition of the skin, therefore, a violation of metabolic processes is only a matter of time,
- any skin infections - bacterial, fungal, viral.
The development of psoriasis on the fingers can reach the nails. They first form small fossae, and over time, the nail plate thickens, loosens and resembles a fungus lesion. Therefore, often people wonder if scaly lichen is contagious? Psoriasis is a chronic disease that cannot be transmitted either through shaking hands or in any other contact way. Genetically transmitted a tendency to disease, but not the disease itself.
With psoriasis, the skin changes color and becomes dry
Another symptom of lichen scaly is the appearance of plaques with scales between the fingers. The skin in these places resembles corns, the same rough and rough.
How to recognize psoriasis in the arms
Symptoms of psoriasis on the hands are easily recognizable. The disease begins with a feeling of mild itching and discomfort. Further, redness of some areas of the palms and hands may appear. After this, characteristic oval or round spots in the form of papules and plaques begin to appear. In the first stage, the rashes are covered with whitish scales, which are easily scraped off. In medical practice, it is customary to divide the symptoms of psoriasis into several stages. These include:
- The appearance of a stearin stain. When you try to remove the scales, they become only larger and peeling intensifies. Due to the similarity with the stearin stain, the rash got its name.
- The formation of psoriatic film. After removing the scales, you can observe a red or pink shiny film in humans. It is thin and easily damaged.
- Bloody dew. This manifestation of psoriasis on the hands can be noted if the film is removed. Slight bleeding in the form of small drops is observed on the surface of the skin.
Throughout the disease, a person experiences a strong sense of discomfort and itching, as well as dryness and irritability of the skin. With improper or untimely treatment, psoriatic spots quickly increase in size, merging into one large lesion.
Stages of the disease
There are such stages of psoriasis on the hands:
- Exacerbation is a progressive stage of the disease. It is characterized by an increase in the number and size of spots, increased itching and peeling.
- Stationary stage - it is characterized by attenuation of the disease, a change in the color of psoriatic plaques (they become less red, turn white), as well as a decrease in spots.
- Stage of remission - characterized by the complete disappearance of all signs of psoriasis.
Looking at hands affected by psoriasis is extremely unpleasant. But the disease is so widespread that people are required to know what psoriasis looks like in their hands in order to detect the problem in time and start treating the disease in a timely manner.
Symptoms of the initial stage of psoriasis on the hands
Psoriasis of the initial stage on the hands, fingers often occurs in injured places. Doctors call this phenomenon Cabnerra syndrome. In people prone to the disease, any trauma can cause a relapse or the initial development of the disease, so they need to avoid injuries, scratches, scratching.
Signs of hand psoriasis:
- Initially, psoriatic plaques occur linearly at the site of irritation.
- The dynamics of their development, for some time, can stand still.
- Psoriatic foci become inflamed, itchy and itchy.
If the disease develops stably, the initial stage will last about 2 weeks. After this period of time, the formed plaques will merge into a single lesion, grow further, affecting healthy skin and causing harm to humans.
Manifestations and forms of psoriasis on the hands
Recognizing psoriasis in the initial stages is quite simple. A person almost immediately encounters extreme discomfort, which significantly reduces the quality of his life. The skin begins to itch, swell, because of which the patient can not perform his usual functions. In addition, he has the following distinguishing features:
- Dry skin appears, it cracks,
- Itching and burning of the skin, general malaise,
- The appearance of pink inflammatory areas,
- The formation of colored spots throughout the body,
- Tumor processes in the joints.
Keep in mind that psoriasis on the hands can take several forms. A similar condition may be:
- Palmar psoriasis. Has the greatest distribution. It begins as a slight redness and itching of the skin. Over time, the area of the body becomes coarser, covered with numerous cracking corns. This causes a person significant discomfort. The symptoms of the disease resemble a fungal infection.
- Psoriasis of the fingers. A person has a powerful inflammatory process in this part of the body. It is cracking, which causes severe pain. Statistics show that in most cases, exacerbations occur in the cold seasons. In the initial stages, psoriasis of the fingers can be easily confused with eczema.
- Psoriasis of the hands. A person has multiple round plaques, which are covered with numerous bright-colored scales. Over time, they begin to secrete yellowish juice, which causes severe itching. Over time, a powerful swelling occurs, which causes a person serious discomfort.
Recognizing psoriasis on the hands for a treating specialist is quite simple - any qualified specialist will be able to conduct differential diagnosis. To distinguish psoriasis on the hands from any other dermatological disease, the doctor should highlight the following features:
- Psoriatic film - it occurs due to excessive cell division of the skin. The human skin itself becomes very thin, almost translucent. Because of this, a person has serious discomfort.
- Stearin spots - they remain if the plaque is removed from the skin. Over time, they begin to actively fall away, which is why the human body acquires a characteristic color.
- The effect of blood dew - if you remove small films from the skin, blood spots appear on the body.
Observations show that psoriasis on the hands usually affects the nail plates. Over time, they become coarse, significantly compacted. Nails break quickly, acquire an unaesthetic color. In order to prevent the spread of the disease, you should regularly trim your nails and provide good hygiene. In order to prevent complications, you should regularly visit your doctor for an examination.
Psoriasis on the hands. Symptoms
Regardless of the subtype of the disease, psoriasis has common common symptoms:
- small or medium spots, slightly rising above the skin (with psoriasis on the hands, photos of the initial stages demonstrate the features of the spots well),
- the tendency of spots to merge with each other,
- red or pinkish undertones of formations,
- hyperemia of the skin,
- peeling of the skin and the appearance of silver scales on top of the rash,
- epidermal cracking,
- itching or burning
- joint pain
- dry skin.
If the disease affects the nails, their color and structure change. In this case, a photo of the symptoms of psoriasis on the hands and treatment can be found on the net.
If the formations are damaged, painful ulcers can form in their place. Often the patient experiences internal discomfort.
The clinical picture of the disease
In the first stages of psoriasis, pathology signals its appearance with single inflamed spots, which can degenerate into classic psoriatic plaques (vulgar psoriasis) and transform into painful vesicles of various sizes filled with exudate - a clear fluid (pustular psoriasis).
Correct diagnosis of psoriasis in the first stages of its development helps to timely select a therapeutic regimen for the correction of its symptoms.
So, the following manifestations are considered the main "triad" of signs that help identify psoriasis in the early stages:
- The phenomenon of stearin stain. After removing the scales located on the psoriatic plaques, a smooth surface remains, in appearance resembling a drop of melted wax.
- Terminal film. As soon as the peeling elements fall away from the rashes, a transparent thin crust becomes visible in their place.
- Psoriatic foci are richly supplied with capillary blood, so the mass of small vessels always penetrates the affected areas. In this regard, the slightest mechanical effect on the rash elements is certainly accompanied by the release of several small droplets of blood (the so-called "blood dew").
The studied skin disease in its development passes through several successive stages:
- The first stage of psoriasis (progressive) is symptomatic of the active reproduction of the rash elements (spots, pustules, spots), the development of an intense inflammatory process on the skin, itching, peeling of the affected foci, sometimes their soreness. Along with local symptoms, patients who develop psoriasis at an early stage may experience general malaise, weakness, reduced ability to work, and often the initial stages of the disease are associated with hyperthermia and febrile conditions.
- Stationary phase. In this case, the existing rash elements remain in place, but do not grow, do not inflame. New psoriatic plaques do not form.
- Stage of regression. The rashes gradually disappear, the inflammatory process on the skin subsides, the plaques gradually disappear, small wounds are first found in their place, and then - depigmented (bleached) patches of skin.
Forms of Hand Psoriasis
The nature of the course and clinical manifestations of scaly lichen are very diverse. The rash can affect not only the hands, but also affect the shoulders, neck, chest, especially if the child suffers from the disease. Hand psoriasis is the most common type of dermatosis, and can occur in several basic forms, described below.
Stages of the disease
Psoriasis on the fingers and other parts is characterized by three stages. These include:
- progressive stage - characterized by the active appearance of rashes, with acute symptoms and an inflammatory process,
- stationary stage - implies a lull of the appearance of rashes, new spots do not occur, but healing does not occur,
- stage of regression - the last stage, accompanied by a decrease in symptoms, healing of the skin and improvement of the skin condition. Psoriasis of the hands begins to disappear.
Psoriasis on the hands is a serious dermatological disease that requires an integrated approach from the attending physician. Modern experts have developed several methods of influencing the ailment. First of all, it is necessary to stop the manifestations of the disease - pathological symptoms bring significant discomfort to the patient. Keep in mind that therapy is selected individually - you should pass a comprehensive diagnosis in advance. If you have a small area of pathological changes, special attention should be paid to hygiene. This will prevent infection of the surface. To get rid of discomfort, emollients are prescribed. In addition, the following recommendations will allow you to get rid of plaques as soon as possible:
- Use moisturizers - they will retain moisture under the skin, due to which a person significantly reduces itching.
- Use antibacterial baths - they will help prevent infection of the skin.
- Wash your hands regularly to get rid of dryness.
- Oily creams will prevent drying out. You can also use almond, castor, sesame oil.
- Aloe vera juice - significantly softens the skin.
Such recommendations will allow you to get rid of unwanted psoriasis in the hands. In more serious cases, drug therapy is required, which includes taking the following drugs:
- Preparations for topical use of non-hormonal origin. These are a variety of creams and ointments that significantly relieve discomfort from the skin. Usually in their composition are vitamin complexes, extracts of herbs and plants, which significantly increase the protective abilities of the body. Such drugs are the safest in the treatment of psoriasis on the hands.
- Local remedies that contain corticosteroids. They have a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, due to which a person quickly gets rid of painful sensations. Keep in mind that such drugs have a number of contraindications. Assign their use only to the doctor.
- Phototherapy is a procedure during which ultraviolet radiation affects the skin of a person. It allows you to restore the work of human cell tissue, due to which he quickly gets rid of inflammatory processes and peeling. The procedure is carried out exclusively under the supervision of a treating specialist.
To speed up the process recovery, a person is prescribed a complex of vitamin preparations. They enhance immune capabilities. In addition, calming drugs and medications are also used to protect the liver tissue.
This is the most common form. On the hands, the skin of the extensor region of the joints, as well as the forearms, wrists, rear of the hands, fingers, is usually affected. In the area of the elbows, the appearance on both sides of the so-called duty plaques, which can be in the same condition for years without progressing, is characteristic. On the back of the hands, the disease progresses more often, since the skin in these areas is constantly exposed to various influences. Psoriasis often appears on the fingers. In case of damage to the little fingers and thumbs, the risk of injury to psoriatic elements increases.
The first signs of psoriasis on the hands are the appearance of one or more flaky spots, which quickly turn into papules with a raised inflammatory base. If you scrape such a papule on top, a number of characteristic symptoms appear:
- type of stearin drop - multiple white scales,
- if you scrape off all the scales, a transparent film is visible,
- slight scraping of the film leads to the appearance of droplets of blood on it.
These symptoms are a hallmark of psoriatic rash. Further, the primary symptoms of the disease can progress, while the papules increase in size, merge with each other and form large plaques, new elements appear. Damage to the nails is possible. Over time, progression stops, after which the recovery process begins: the rash slowly turns pale and disappears.
Hand psoriasis treatment
With psoriasis on the hands, treatment is carried out comprehensively, combining several measures at once. Among them:
- Local preparations. Ointments or creams containing active ingredients. Previously used cytostatics and hormone-containing compounds. Now preference is given to retinoids and all kinds of sedatives. The main tasks of local preparations are exfoliation of dead skin particles, elimination of puffiness and inflammation, removal of redness and itching. Means are actively used for psoriasis in the hands of the initial stage.
- Systemic medications. Means for internal use. Affect the immune system and inflammatory processes. They are used less often - in advanced cases or when local therapy does not give the desired results.
- Physiotherapy. Procedures such as laser exposure, PUVA therapy, cryo- and ozone therapy, bioresonance therapy and ultraviolet irradiation are used. There is a photo of psoriasis on the hands before and after physiotherapy.
- Diet. It is eliminative. Potential allergens and harmful foods like sweets and smoked foods are removed from the diet. Ideally, the menu is compiled by the attending physician.
Usually, treatment is carried out independently with periodic visits to the hospital. However, with a severe course of the disease, the patient can be transferred to a hospital.
Psoriasis on the hands
The initial stage of psoriasis on the hands appears as a small rash. At first it was confused with an allergic reaction. As a rule, patients go to the doctor when the disease begins to spread to healthy areas of the skin, turning into large foci of dry, flaky skin.
Features of psoriasis in the hands:
- Lesions occur on the back and inside of the palms, on the nails, between the fingers.
- If there is a psoriatic rash on the hands, most likely it is on the lower extremities.
- If the fingertips are affected, they may lose sensitivity.
The area of the hands is the most difficult to treat, since psoriatic foci grow even more actively when in contact with water. Patients suspected of having these symptoms are advised to reduce the number of contacts with water, wearing rubber gloves, and also lubricate the affected area with Fukartsin. Be sure to consult a doctor!
Types of psoriasis of hands depending on localization
Depending on the place of occurrence of papules, plaques, these types of psoriasis are distinguished:
|Localization of psoriasis on the hands||Description of the problem|
|On the palms||Redness of the surface of the skin of the palms, itching, coarsening of the upper layer, the appearance of corns. Outwardly palmar psoriasis, many confuse with mycosis or eczema. For the correct diagnosis, you need to consult a specialist.|
|On the hands and fingers||Inflammation, swelling of the fingers, peeling, cracking of the skin, soreness and itching.|
Therapies for Psoriasis
Many patients, faced with a problem, ask themselves: how to treat hand psoriasis? Next, we will try to find out the features and principles of the treatment of the disease.
In the initial stages, therapy involves the use of funds for external application. Doctors can prescribe both one drug and several drugs at once. Ointment for psoriasis on the hands can have a hormonal or non-hormonal basis.
This is the most common form that is diagnosed in 80% of patients. The disease is characterized by the appearance of psoriatic red rashes, on which a thick layer of dead tissue very quickly builds up, which easily peel off under mechanical action. In the photo of psoriasis-affected skin areas, even at the initial stage, skin hyperemia and plaque formation are observed.
Alternative treatment methods
Cope with psoriasis on the hands at the initial stage allows alternative methods of treatment. In order not to harm the body, you should definitely consult your doctor. He will say which recipes in your case will be unsafe and will be able to do tremendous harm. Remember that some treatment methods easily cause complications, so doctors do not recommend self-treatment. In the vast majority of cases, the treatment of psoriasis on the hands involves the use of the following methods of alternative medicine:
- Mix birch tar and natural honey in equal proportions. Heat the resulting mass in a water bath to obtain a homogeneous mass. Cool it and pour it into any convenient container. With the resulting medicine, treat the affected areas of the skin daily for 2-3 weeks.
- Take 200 grams of juniper, and then fill them with two bottles of vodka. For a week, put in any dark, warm place to insist. The resulting tincture should be wiped skin 3 times a day.
- In 5 liters of warm water, add 3 tablespoons of sea salt and 15 drops of iodine. Mix the ingredients thoroughly, and then do the baths. It is best to repeat the procedure 2 times a day.
- Take celandine juice and carefully treat the affected areas of the skin with a thin layer. Do not pour a lot of funds, as a burn may occur.
This form of the disease is less common. The skin on the rear of the hands is usually affected. Often this type of psoriasis also captures the fingers. Characterized by the appearance of swelling, exudate on the surface of the elements of the rash, severe itching and a constant feeling of discomfort. As a result, the scales stick together to form grayish-yellowish crusts on the surface of the papules on the skin of the hands and fingers. At the same time, peeling is not very noticeable, but the risk of joining a bacterial infection increases. What does exudative psoriasis on the hands look like, you can see in the photo:
The rash most often affects the upper arms closer to the shoulders. The plaques are densely covered with white scales and look like drops. This type of psoriasis spreads rapidly throughout the body, affecting the forearms and hips. It is exacerbated mainly after streptococcus (pathogen of tonsillitis, tonsillitis, acute respiratory viral infections).
The dangers of self-medication
Not knowing how to properly treat psoriasis on the hands, with independent attempts, such grief-treatment can end in disrepair. Despite the fact that many drugs for the treatment of psoriasis are dispensed without a prescription, a person should know that they can be treated only after the approval of a doctor. Otherwise, the consequences may be irreversible:
- hypercalcemia - occurs when using some ointments, topical creams. This condition can lead to heart rhythm disturbances and even muscle cramps,
- skin burn - when using local drugs, as well as such a method of treating psoriasis as phototherapy, a patient may develop a skin burn,
- addiction syndrome, withdrawal,
- the appearance of inflammatory reactions,
- various disorders of the endocrine, cardiovascular system - when using hormonal drugs,
- pigmentation of the surrounding healthy skin - its coloring in brown,
- the occurrence of skin atrophy,
- frequent relapses of the disease, aggravation of the course of the disease.
Using any methods, drugs for the treatment of psoriasis without a doctor’s recommendation on the frequency, duration of application, area of application of ointment, cream, and also without taking into account the individual characteristics of the body is extremely unsafe. Not knowing how to treat psoriasis, a person, firstly, can harm other organs and systems. Secondly, he risks not only not curing, but also significantly exacerbating the course of the disease. And, thirdly, in the absence of adequate treatment, the disease can go into the category of neglected, getting rid of which will be very difficult.
When characteristic rashes or scaly plaques appear, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist. It is this narrow-profile specialist who will be able to make the correct diagnosis after examination, palpation, and then prescribe an effective remedy for psoriasis on the hands in each case.
If there is no dermatologist in the clinic, then you need to go to the therapist, family doctor. These specialists can make a preliminary diagnosis, if necessary, they will give a referral to a consultation with a dermatologist.
If psoriasis on the hands affected joints, then in addition to a dermatologist, a consultation with a rheumatologist is necessary.
Psoriasis on the fingers
At the initial stage of development, the manifestations of psoriasis are identical to a fungal disease.
Initially, inflamed bands appear near the edge of the nail, gradually advancing to the root and developing as follows:
- The nail is dull.
- With inadequate therapy or its absence, the nail peels off altogether.
In addition, it affects the appearance of the limbs. Given that the disease is capable of affecting a person of any age, it will be difficult for a young patient to contact peers, as others will be squeamish about communicating with a chronically sick person or be afraid of contracting it.
The use of non-hormonal drugs
Ointment for psoriasis on the hands is used as an independent medicine only in cases where psoriasis of the hands is mild and is not accompanied by severe symptoms. The advantages of such funds is a minimum of side effects, however, the desired treatment result occurs after a rather long time.
The following remedies are the most popular ointments of this group:Related Articles:
- salicylic ointment,
- zinc ointment,
- Dayvonex and others.
Despite the small number of side effects, only a specialist should prescribe funds. Each of the ointments has certain limitations and features of use.
If you do not start treatment in a timely manner, there is a high probability of developing serious complications. They will cause serious damage to the activity of the whole organism. The greatest danger, according to doctors, is brought by the following pathological consequences:
- Burns of the skin,
- Hypercalcemia and hyperpigmentation,
- Malfunctions in the hormonal background,
- Infectious processes
- Frequent relapses of the disease,
- Diseases of the cardiovascular and endocrine system,
- Atrophy of the skin.
Exudative or pustular scaly lichen
It is localized on the forearms, has a heavy course - multiple blisters with a clear liquid, purulent processes, as well as the exit of the rash beyond the upper extremities.
Pustular psoriasis is characterized by purulent discharge
Psoriasis on the palms can occur in the form of a plaque-fan-shaped, horny and pustular form.
The plaque-fan-shaped form is characterized by the formation of rash elements at the initial stage in the form of scaly papules, merging into large plaques. Rashes are localized mainly on the palms and fingers.Often relapses and is difficult to treat. The reason for this is the constant exposure to various external factors. The skin between the fingers is affected. They blush, swell, become covered with cracks and scales. Often such rashes pass to the fingertips and nail plates.
The horny form is manifested by dry skin, thickening of the palms of the palms, the appearance of cracks and dry corns.
Psoriasis on the palms of the hands can take the form of pustules. This is the so-called pustular barbar psoriasis. Purulent bubbles appear on the surface of the palms, which can merge with each other, forming purulent lakes. The contents of the pustules are sterile. A photo:
Psoriasis of the initial stage in babies in their arms (photo)
Usually, the disease is encountered already at the age of 2, but sometimes earlier. The symptoms of psoriasis in children are very poorly expressed, and the initial period of the disease can last up to 1 month.
As in adults, the disease is activated after certain factors:
- Improper hand care.
- Allergic reaction to cream, soap.
- Disturbances in the body.
- Infectious, viral diseases, staphylococci.
- Irritations from diapers, clothes.
For the same reasons, psoriasis in babies can occur in any other part of the body. The only area not affected by the disease in children under 10 years old is the head.
How to treat?
The treatment of psoriasis on the hands must be comprehensive and include:
- The use of local action.
- The use of drugs of general action (ingestion).
- Phytotherapeutic treatment.
Patients with psoriasis with localization on the hands must:
- adjust wakefulness and sleep patterns,
- engage in all kinds of sports; activities such as running outdoors, swimming, tennis, avoid contact sports (wrestling) are welcome
- important: after playing sports it is imperative to take a shower - sweat irritates the skin and can provoke an exacerbation of the pathological process,
- wash only with soft washcloths using hypoallergenic detergents,
- after a shower, apply a moisturizer to the body,
- use the linen of their cotton fabrics,
- in the cold season to wear gloves (mittens) with a flannel lining,
- Avoid contact with household chemicals and any other chemicals.
In mild cases, psoriasis in the hands is treated locally, using various external means and procedures. Assign:
- keratolytics - medicinal ointments and creams that dissolve surface layers of dead epithelial cells (salicylic acid),
- emollients (tar-based psoriasis ointment),
- synthetic analogues of vitamin D (calcipotriol),
- synthetic analogues of vitamin A (retinoids),
- glucocorticosteroid (GCS) hormones - allow you to treat all forms of hand psoriasis,
- combined funds, which include GCS + salicylic acid (Diprosalik) or GCS and calcipotriol (Daivobet),
- creams and ointments with active zinc,
- medicinal baths with herbs (celandine, chamomile, calendula).
If the symptoms of psoriasis in the hands do not go away, the disease progresses, it is necessary to prescribe general therapy. It should be carried out in a hospital setting:
- droppers with drug solutions that eliminate intoxication,
- injections of drugs that remove toxins (Unitiol, sulfate magnesia),
- desensitizing (eliminating allergies) and sedatives, 1st generation antihistamines (Suprastin, Tavegil) are most suitable,
- glucocorticoids - ingestion or injection - have a pronounced anti-inflammatory and desensitizing effect, relieve itching,
- cytostatics - drugs that suppress too frequent division of epithelial cells,
- immunosuppressants - drugs that suppress the excessive sensitivity of the immune system.
Every year, the tactics of treating this noncommunicable disease are changing. Cytostatics that have side effects have been replaced by non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as aromatic retinoids, whose task is to exfoliate dead skin cells, relieve inflammation, prevent the formation of psoriatic plaques, as well as the process of keratinization of the skin. For local therapy, various creams and ointments with vitamins A and D are used.
Hand creams for psoriasis
- Hormonal - they suppress the immune response and reduce the intensity of metabolic processes in affected skin cells. If the composition of such creams also includes vasoconstrictor substances, then this is doubly effective, since when the drug affects the skin, the process of reducing the concentration of nutrients occurs, the process of exfoliating the skin is normalized. Popular hormonal creams for the treatment of psoriasis are such means: "Triderm", "Dermoveyt", "Travokort", "Elokom" and others.
- Non-hormonal - they have a pronounced moisturizing effect. Compared with hormonal creams, these do not cause dangerous side effects, do not lead to an imbalance in hormones, and they are also more affordable in terms of cost. Popular creams here are such preparations as Psoriasis Cream, "Dawn", "Pikladol", "Sophora", "Psorilom" and others.
Ordinary children's hand creams with the addition of chamomile, celandine, and calendula also help a lot. They remove the inflammatory process, moisturize and soften the affected skin.
Before using this or that external remedy for the treatment of psoriasis, it is necessary to conduct a test on a healthy area of the body.
Psoriasis of nails.
This form is characterized by the appearance of longitudinal or transverse lines of white or gray. The skin around the plate thickens, and the nail itself exfoliates and loosens, which leads to its further destruction.
Psoriasis can also affect the nails.
How each form of scaly depriving hands looks like is clearly visible in the photo.
After reading a photo of psoriasis on the hands, treatment and possible consequences, naturally the desire to extend the period of remission.
To avoid relapse, you must:
- stop using soap and sulfate gels,
- limit skin contact with any aggressive cleaning agents,
- do not use coarse washcloths and towels,
- apply moisturizers regularly
- protect your hands from frost, wind and strong sun,
- give up alcohol and cigarettes,
- keep track of nutrition
- rest more often and avoid stress.
And most importantly, consult a doctor on time in case of relapse.
Stages of skin disease
Psoriasis is a chronic disease that has a specific developmental sequence. Depending on the intensity of the manifestations of the disease and the frequency of relapses, 3 main stages of the disease are distinguished:
- progressive - initial stage - the appearance on the hands, shoulders, between the fingers and in the bend of the elbows of several scaly papules, which are accompanied by edema, inflammation, itching,
- stationary stage - no new rashes occur, and old plaques are densely covered with white scales, the affected areas cease to itch (the disease freezes in one place),
- stage of regression - the symptomatology begins to disappear (papules fade, dry plaques dissolve, the skin clears, only minor dark spots remain).
Scaly lichen, although not a contagious disease, but brings a lot of discomfort and inconvenience.The main goal of drug treatment is to improve the general condition of the patient:
- eliminate peeling and itching,
- relieve inflammation
- soothe the skin.
- Hormonal - Triamycinol, Flucinar, Uniderm, Berlikort, Daivobet, Belosalik - relieve inflammation, irritation, edema, itching and pain, reduce papules with fluid during exudative psoriasis. In addition, ointments remove allergic manifestations.
- Non-hormonal - Zinc ointment, Kartalin, Acrustal, salicylic ointment - relieve the main symptoms, do not cause side effects, gently affect the skin, but are less effective than glucocorticosteroid (hormonal) drugs.
- Homeopathic - Psoriaten, Arsenicum album, Hydrocolite, Petroleum, Manganum - are used for severe flaking, itching, help during joint damage.
Flucinar will help get rid of the disease
Homeopathy is effective only if it is correctly selected taking into account all the nuances of the course of the disease and the characteristics of the patient's body.
In the case of a weak result from local drugs, the doctor may prescribe systemic therapy in the form of injections and tablets. Effective in various stages of the disease, especially in advanced forms, are Methotrexate, Reamberin, Diprospan. The drugs inhibit the intensive division of skin cells, detoxify the body, thereby eliminating the main symptoms, which helps to improve the quality of life.
In addition to the main drugs aimed at inhibiting psoriasis, in complex therapy, funds are used to support the whole body:
- drugs to support the liver - hepatoprotectors (Phosphogliv),
- sorbents - cleansing the intestines of toxins and poisons (Enterosgel, Polysorb),
- antihistamines (Cetrin, Tavegil, Suprastin),
- immunomodulators (Likopid).
The doctor will explain how to treat psoriasis.
Vitamin D3 Medicines
Psoriasis on the arm is a complex immune disease, it is important to use vitamin complexes in its treatment. Saturation of the body with useful elements has a positive effect on recovery and helps the patient to cope with the disease faster. The funds containing vitamin D3 include:
- Dayvonex and others.
The use of all ointments should be correct. Means should be applied to clean skin, pre-cleaning them with warm water with tar or toilet soap. You can not use several drugs at once, the effect of such treatment can be negative.
Hand ointments for psoriasis
Many people who have experienced psoriasis, coming to the pharmacy, or being at the doctor’s appointment, are interested in: “How is ointment from psoriasis on the hands different from cream?” Indeed, specialists prescribe only ointment for some patients, and cream for others. What's the Difference? The fact is that the doctor ascribes the ointment from psoriasis if it is necessary to soften the skin. The cream is prescribed if it is necessary to prevent itching, burning, quickly remove puffiness, because it acts much faster than ointment, the cream quickly penetrates under the skin.
Among the popular ointments in the treatment of psoriasis on the fingers, palms are used:
- naphthalene, ichthyol ointment, "Kartalin" - they have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory effects,
- Sulfur-salicylic ointment, “Tsignoderm” remedy - these drugs contribute to the rapid healing of plaques, they well exfoliate dead skin cells,
- Ointment "Dayvoneks" - helps to increase the level of calcium in the affected skin cells, resolves psoriatic plaques,
- Akriderm ointment - removes horny layers, has a strong antiseptic, keratolytic effect.
Taking general-action drugs
In the treatment of psoriasis, in addition to local remedies, the patient is prescribed drugs for oral administration:
- Antihistamines - to eliminate severe itching, which is especially worse at night (Fenkarol, Diazolin, etc.).
- Monoclonal antibodies are antibodies to inflammatory factors. These are the substances that “label” the cells that cause psoriasis, and these cells are subsequently destroyed by the immune system. This treatment method is used only in severe forms of psoriasis. Antibodies are administered only intramuscularly.
- Cytostatic drugs that are involved in the pathogenesis of the formation of psoriatic plaques.
- Preparations of the cyclosporin group, which have an immunosuppressive effect.
- Immunomodulators, vitamin preparations.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs - tablets "Method", etc. They inhibit the growth of plaques, relieve inflammation.
- Homeopathic medicines.
- Sedatives - they normalize the psycho-emotional state of a person.
Psoriasis is a socially unadapted problem. Therefore, doctors focus on the fact that psoriasis is not a disease, but a life status. The task of people is to learn how to live correctly with this diagnosis. And doctors should explain to people that psoriasis is not contagious, it is not transmitted through sexual contact, kisses, handshakes, etc.
Alternative methods of treating psoriasis on the hands
Even before the discovery and use of anti-inflammatory, hormonal drugs, people tried to get rid of psoriasis using folk remedies. Some patients really managed to suspend the process of pathological changes in the skin, improve the condition of the skin on the hands. Let's look at popular and effective folk methods for treating hand psoriasis:
|Flaxseed or sea buckthorn oil||Restores the skin, prevents its dryness, protects against various infections under the epidermis, saturates the skin with vitamins A and E.|
|Bay leaf||It has a cleansing effect. It is used as follows: pour 300 g of bay leaf with boiling water (200 ml), boil for 10 minutes. Dampen a clean cloth or cotton pad in a cooled broth, put compresses on hand. Can withstand all night.|
|Aloe||It has an antiseptic effect. Cut along the aloe leaf, attach it to the problem area on the arm, tie it with a band-aid or wrap it with a bandage. Hold for 20 to 30 minutes.|
|Baking soda||Relieves inflammation, helps soften the skin, eliminates peeling. Lotions of soda are made as follows: prepare a thick mixture of soda powder and pure water. Moisten a cotton pad in it, apply to the affected areas on the hands.|
|Clover||Gently cleanses the skin, prevents inflammation. Pour 2 tbsp. l dried clover flowers with boiling water (1 cup). Insist 5 minutes, strain, attach to the problem area for 2 hours.|
|Birch tar||Prevents peeling of the skin, makes the spots paler. Moisten a clean cotton pad in a solution of birch tar, wipe it with affected areas (palms, the area between the fingers, hands) several times a day.|
|Hydrogen peroxide||Cleanses the skin, has an antiseptic effect, disinfects. Make applications with peroxide for 15–20 minutes.|
|Sea salt||Baths with sea salt help relieve inflammation, itching, cleanse the skin from crusts and scales. You need to dissolve a handful of sea salt in 2 liters of warm water. Dip your hands in a container, the time for taking a bath can be 20 minutes.|
You can resort to the help of folk remedies at any stage of psoriasis. You just need to understand that there will not be a quick result, as is the case with hormonal ointments, creams. In fact, folk remedies for psoriasis on the hands only help relieve the condition, but they themselves are not able to cope with the disease.
In the treatment of this serious disease of a non-communicable nature, recently, doctors began to prescribe such methods of therapy to people:
- Ichthyotherapy - treatment with fish.Kissing fish, that's what these therapeutic fish are called, thanks to micro bites they cleanse the skin damaged by psoriasis. After such treatment, the condition of patients improves for six months or more.
- PUVA therapy, phototherapy - applying special therapeutic agents to the skin with subsequent activation of ultraviolet radiation.
- Cryotherapy - placing a person in a chamber with a very low temperature.
- Bioresonance therapy - exposure to affected skin with weak electromagnetic waves.
- Ozone therapy - the use of gas procedures and ozonized cosmetic products.
Psoriasis is one of the few ailments in which tanning has a positive effect.
To prevent exacerbations psoriasis, you should adhere to all the recommendations that your doctor has given you. Also, do not forget to regularly take tests in order to exclude relapse of the disease. An integrated approach to the problem will significantly improve the condition of the skin. Preventive measures include:
- Maintain water balance - drink at least two liters of clean water per day,
- Stop using harmful chemicals,
- Stop smoking and drinking alcohol
- Have as much as possible in the fresh air,
- Proper and balanced nutrition. Completely discard foods that may cause an allergic reaction.
How to avoid exacerbations?
To prevent the reappearance of psoriatic plaques on the hands, it is necessary to observe preventive measures:
- Properly care for your skin. To prevent dryness and peeling, moisten your hands as often as possible. You should also use special detergents that do not dry the skin. Toilet or liquid soap is forbidden to use.
- Avoid abrasions, cuts.
- At the first manifestations of psoriasis on the palms of the hands, it is necessary to exclude skin contact with any means of household chemicals.
- Follow a proper diet, Pegano diet. The fundamental point in it is a complete rejection of alcohol, the restriction of meat products, an increase in the amount of fluid consumed.
- Refuse bad habits: smoking, alcohol, drugs.
- Sleep at least 8 hours a day. Lie down and wake up at the same time.
- Avoid stressful situations, if necessary, take sedatives, teas with lemon balm, mint.
- Sunbathing. But in the active stage of the disease it is forbidden to be in the sun.
Having examined the causes and treatment of psoriasis on the hands, it becomes clear that this disease is not as simple as it seems at first glance. Sometimes it is not enough to cure it with local drugs, then you have to resort to complex treatment. And in the absence of adequate therapy, the disease can lead to psoriatic arthritis. Treatment of this ailment should be carried out only under the supervision of a dermatologist, you can use only those methods and tools that the doctor prescribes for a particular patient.
Psoriasis is a dermatological disease of a chronic nature. In order to prevent its complications, the patient should adhere to certain rules. The list of recommendations includes:
- Trim your nails regularly as short as possible.
- If you clean the apartment, do not forget to use rubber gloves,
- Wear clothing made exclusively from natural materials,
- Give up stress and worries
- From time to time, apply a high-quality oily cream to the skin. This will prevent cracking of the skin.
Causes and treatment of chronic psoriasis on the hands
People exposed to this disease may experience it, even at age 20. After prolonged treatment, the pathology will pass and may not return for 10 years, but if there is a cause that activates the disease, re-therapy is inevitable.
The reasons for the initial development of psoriasis or repeated relapse may be such factors:
- Endocrine and neuronal disorders.
- Viral and infectious diseases.
No matter what reason caused the disease, its nature and development principle will be individual. Consider in more detail the causes of psoriasis:
Most often, psoriasis manifests itself as a result of insufficient immune activity, for example, after treatment with antibiotics. Judging by the opinion of doctors, the trigger of the disease is autoimmune aggression. Then the immune cells incorrectly identify skin cells, considering them foreign and rejecting them.
Most often, this appears as a result of:
While conducting research, scientists found antigens in psoriatic scales that are absent in the skin of a healthy person, and the patient’s blood contains antibodies to these antigens. That is, immunodeficiency is one of the main factors that activate psoriasis.
Genes contain information about the structure of the body, the appearance of a person, and, of course, diseases. Naturally, not all people predisposed to psoriasis can face the disease, because if there was no activating factor, then there will be no symptoms either.
The risk of getting psoriasis increases, depending on how many parents have a genetic predisposition to the disease:
- If 1 parent risk is 25%.
- If both - 75%.
Children of these parents should be more responsible for their own health and avoid factors that activate psoriasis of the hands and other parts of the body.
This theory is not fundamental, but it takes place on the list of causes of psoriasis. Hormonal disorders affect the reproduction of skin cells and regulation, which is a sign of a malfunction in endocrine functionality.
Carrying out studies on women with different menstrual cycles, the period of ovulation and pregnant women, it was noticed that during periods of hormonal adjustment psoriatic papules:
- Increase in size.
- Begin to cause more intense symptoms.
- Pass after the restoration of the hormonal background.
In some women, psoriasis occurs during pregnancy, most often in the later stages. Then the doctor prescribes therapy, but it only reduces the symptoms. It is likely that after the birth of the baby and the end of the lactation period, the papules will disappear as mysteriously as they appeared.
This theory is under development.
Scientists associate psychological problems with psoriasis, justifying them this way:
- With psychological trauma or failure, vasomotor neurosis appears in the walls of blood vessels and muscles in the hematopoietic system.
- This provokes a narrowing of the vascular walls.
- The skin lacks blood and psoriatic plaques occur.
Studies have shown that as a result of stress and nervousness, the disease goes to the stage of exacerbation or is activated for the first time.
This factor allows you to confirm the presence of psoriasis or distinguish it from other pathologies.
Conducting research, scientists determined that all patients with psoriasis have such problems:
- Decreased body temperature. Indicates exchange violations.
- High cholesterol. Because of this, doctors began to call psoriasis - cholesterol diathesis. The fact is that an increase in blood cholesterol provokes a violation of lipid metabolism and the appearance of scaly papules.
- Vitamin imbalance, in particular groups A, B6 and B12, with C in excess. This factor affects the functionality of immune activity, which in turn provokes the appearance of keratinized skin areas.
Additional Psoriasis Factors
By studying psoriasis patients, the most common causes of the disease were identified, namely:
- Nerves, stress.Getting into these conditions, psoriatic papules appeared in patients. Doctors recommend drinking sedatives and avoiding stressful situations.
- Bronchial infections, vaccinations and pills for treatment. Often cause an exacerbation of the disease.
- Vitamins A, B, C, antibiotics, immunomodulators. Affect the effectiveness of the body's defense systems, it is recommended to avoid these funds.
- Hypothermia, skin injuries, endocrine disorders.
- Bad habits and malnutrition. Affect the whole body. In people prone to psoriasis, pathology and a number of hormonal, endocrine dysfunctions are activated.
On examination, the doctor should find the source that provoked the occurrence of psoriatic papules. At the end of the diagnosis, he will prescribe medications that eliminate hormonal, psychological or immune disorders, after which the pathology will go to the stage of remission.
Treatment of psoriasis on the hands and fingers
It is completely impossible to cure psoriasis localized on the hands, since doctors have not yet developed medications that eliminate the disease from the human genetic column. However, it is possible to “slow down” its development.
Therapy of the early manifestations of the disease involves the use of local drugs (creams, ointments):
- Naphthalene, salicylic ointment.
- Reamberin or methotrexate is prescribed to eliminate inflammation.
- Antihistamines: Claritin, Erius.
Ultraviolet therapy is also welcome, it allows you to accelerate remission. The patient needs to give up bad habits and switch to a diet selected by the doctor, otherwise the treatment will not have the desired effect.
Treatment with alternative methods can not be compared with drug therapy, but it remarkably complements the effect of ointments, tablets.
As folk remedies that relieve inflammation and support immune activity, the following are used:
- Sea buckthorn, olive, peach oil. It moisturizes the skin well and does not oversaturate with liquid.
- Chamomile, oak bark, needles. Useful for relieving the inflammatory process. It is necessary to make lotions based on these ingredients.
- Lemon broth and rosehip tincture. They cleanse the digestive system and restore normal processes.
It is much more difficult to treat psoriasis that appears on the hands or another part of the body than to prevent the disease. To reduce the risk of this ailment, it is necessary to avoid stress, diseases of an infectious, immune and viral nature, regularly moisturize the skin with creams and abandon bad habits.
Pound the crushed grass (100 g) with 3 liters of boiling water and leave for 1–1.5 hours. Pour the filtered liquid into a hot bath (37–40 degrees). The duration of one procedure is no more than 15 minutes.
Celandine is an effective remedy for psoriasis.
The course of treatment is 10-12 sessions that can be carried out daily.
Unique methods of treating psoriasis on the hands
Moscow Clinic Paramita is a leader in the treatment of such a complex form of the disease as psoriasis on the hands. Experienced specialists who have passed all the necessary training for the treatment of this disease try to individually approach the treatment of each patient using the most effective methods.
- PRP-therapy (plasmolifting) is a method that has been used relatively recently, but has already gained well-deserved popularity, as it is very effective and safe, the method consists in enriching the patient’s blood taken from the vein with platelets and injecting it into the affected areas on the skin of the hands,
- autohemotherapy - a method that has been tested for decades: blood is taken from the patient’s vein and is injected intramuscularly, an excellent stimulating effect,
- herbal medicine - the use of medicinal plants according to modern methods,
- reflexology - the impact of various methods (acupuncture, massage, cauterization, etc.) on certain points on the body, the effect on a particular point reflexively affects the condition of the skin,
- Vacuum therapy is one of the types of reflexology, when exposure to certain points and zones is carried out using a vacuum.
Dermatologists of the clinic prescribe complex therapy taking into account the age, general condition of the patient, the presence of certain concomitant diseases, as well as the nature of the course of psoriasis. As a result of this approach, the patient receives the necessary treatment for psoriasis in Moscow without side effects, which allows him to permanently get rid of the symptoms of the disease.
Patients return to the clinic again and again for supportive anti-relapse treatment and live without exacerbations for years. In the reviews, they note the high professionalism and attentive attitude of doctors.
The role of traditional medicine in the treatment of psoriasis
Psoriasis of the hands is often treated with medicinal herbs and other natural components. Proponents of alternative treatment note such advantages of herbal medicine in its safety, low cost and the absence of serious side effects. To get rid of rashes with psoriasis, many recipes are used, you can prepare an ointment for psoriasis with your own hands. Consider some of the most popular how to treat psoriasis on the hands at home.
What does psoriasis of this type look like? This disease is localized only in the folds of the skin. The rashes look like smooth bright red spots (photo), which practically do not peel off.
There is a slight presence of dead tissue. Due to the constant friction in the places of natural folds, large erosive areas appear, which are often inflamed due to the attachment of secondary infections.
At the initial stage of the disease, redness of the skin is first noted, since in places of localization there is always a fever, and there is no ventilation, wet plaques cause a lot of pain. At the initial stage, psoriasis is easily confused with infectious inflammation, prickly heat.
Herbal collection for water manipulations
It is necessary to mix in equal proportions (50 g each):
Boil 30 g of the collection in 250 ml of water for 5 minutes. Let the broth brew for 1.5–2 hours, strain and add to a large bathing tank.
Herbal preparations are natural remedies for the fight against ailment
Collecting herbs to fight psoriasis
Medicinal herbs have a very good result, they relieve inflammation, eliminate itching, and promote the establishment of metabolic processes in the cells of the dermis. For the treatment of psoriasis, the following collection is used: chamomile, yarrow, St. John's wort, succession, celandine and calendula. All ingredients are mixed (1 tbsp. L.) And poured with a liter of boiling water. After this, the product must be languished in a water bath for 20-30 minutes. After the broth has cooled, it is used for lotions, baths, as well as for internal use of 50 grams three times a day.
A rather complex form of the disease. It is characterized by small rashes filled with sterile fluid. The skin around the blisters is swollen and hot. When a secondary infection is attached, suppuration of rashes can be observed.
Many people with a skin ailment are wondering if psoriasis can be cured at the initial stage of development. The disease refers to chronic incurable pathologies, with the first symptoms, the disease can quickly translate into remission.
Psoriasis of the first type manifests itself in people under the age of 30, this is a hereditary disease that affects mainly the skin and has a typical localization.
Psoriasis of the second type affects people over forty years of age, and is not inherited. It most often affects the nail plates and scalp, the rashes are small and drop-shaped.The disease in elderly patients is caused by a decrease in immunity against the background of chronic infectious diseases and an improper lifestyle.
Clinical studies have confirmed the association between type 2 psoriasis and alcohol abuse and unhealthy foods.
Forms of Psoriasis
Psoriasis is represented by several forms of varying severity:
- Plaque psoriasis - characteristic papules form on the skin, accompanied by itching and peeling.
- The pustular form is characterized by the appearance of vesicles, redness of the skin around them, severe itching and burning, is considered a moderate form of the disease
- Erythroderma is characterized by massive skin lesions, accompanied by weeping and discharge of large layers of the epidermis, is particularly difficult to tolerate, often accompanied by pustular lesions and fungal infections
Melt 300 g of butter, add 20 g of chopped propolis, boil everything until a uniform consistency is formed. Ready cooled ointment to treat the affected areas on the hands. The tool is also suitable for compresses. Apply a small amount of medicine to the cotton pad, apply to injured areas, fix with a bandage.
Compresses with propolis help get rid of psoriasis well
Before using the ointment, you need to treat the plaques with hydrogen peroxide, and wait for it to dry. This will enhance the effect of folk remedies.
For cooking, use the yolks of boiled eggs. They are placed in a skillet on a slow fire until the yolks acquire an oily structure. After cooling, the product is applied for 15-20 minutes to the lesions. Rinse off the medicine with warm water, you can add herbs.
Stages of psoriasis
Psoriasis at the initial stage is characterized by the appearance of a rash on the skin of pink or red color. By inexperience, psoriatic rashes can be confused with the manifestation of allergies, however, their nature is different. If the cause of the disease is damage to the skin, then the first manifestations of the disease appear, as a rule, after 7-14 days after the violation of the integrity of the epidermis.
The next stage is the progression of the disease, which is accompanied by an increase in the area of damage and the appearance of bloody wounds. In addition, the sensitivity of the skin increases, itching and burning appear.
Additional Information! 25% of patients suffering from psoriasis are characterized by the manifestation of the Kerber phenomenon, which is the expression of symptoms of the disease at the sites of damage to the epidermis, such as scars, burns, scratches, and abrasions.
At the third stage of the disease, the clinical picture is aggravated, there is a strong burning sensation and itching at the sites of damage localization. Plaques take a sharper shape, begin to scratch and peel heavily.
Important! It is much harder to cure psoriasis in the advanced stages than in the initial stages. Moreover, advanced psoriasis can go from the skin to the joints and nails, so dermatologists strongly recommend that preventive measures be taken.
The primary element of the initial stage of the disease is a red-pink papule (pimple), which gradually grows and turns into a rash. Pimple has a clear outline and a rounded shape. Over time, the area of the lesion increases and burning begins, so the question of whether psoriasis itches at the initial stage can be answered in the affirmative.
The subsequent stages of the progression of the disease are accompanied by more pronounced itching and burning, as a result of which bloody wounds appear on the skin.
Symptoms of skin psoriasis in the first stage:
- the scales covering the psoriatic plaque peel off easily, the formation under them resembles a drop of stearin,
- with further combing of the opened formation, a shiny red surface appears,
- scraping of the appeared surface leads to the appearance of blood spots, which confirms the presence of small-point hemorrhages.
Where are most often located psoriatic formations:
- joints at the elbows. Such symptoms indicate a mild form of the disease,
- skin of the head and ears. Both the external and internal sides of the auricle are affected,
- legs. As a rule, a rash on the legs appears simultaneously with damage to the skin of the hands,
- palms of hands
- skin of the face (area of nasolabial folds, eyebrows and eyes, sometimes papules appear around the lips). It should be noted that the manifestation of an ailment on the face is at times less likely than on other areas of the skin.
Regardless of where the psoriatic plaques are located on the skin, to prevent the spread of the disease, it is necessary to follow the doctor's recommendations and restrain from an irresistible desire to scratch the lesion.
The treatment of psoriasis of the initial stage is carried out both using traditional medicine methods and alternative. However, it should be noted that alternative methods of combating the disease should be used only as additional ones, while traditional methods should be the basis of therapy.
- drug treatment
- external use of creams, ointments and therapeutic shampoos,
- ultraviolet radiation
- the use of potent drugs. It is characteristic of advanced forms of pathology.
Now let's look at what psoriasis looks like at the beginning of its development in different places of localization. For ease of reference, we present the corresponding photos.
1. The legs. The disease begins with single small rashes, located mainly on the knees and feet, but can also be observed on any surface of the legs.
2. The elbows. In most cases, a plaque form of psoriasis appears on this site, which is characterized by small rashes with very strong peeling. On the elbows, the skin becomes rough.
Psoriasis is a genetically determined disease, that is, it is inherited from parents to children. If one parent is sick, then the course is relatively favorable.
If both parents, then the disease manifests itself quite early - in childhood, and is quite difficult. Therefore, it is very important for parents to remember this and watch the children.
At the first incomprehensible rashes on the skin, you should immediately consult a dermatologist.
The first signs in children can be papular rashes on the skin of the upper and lower extremities. Favorite localization - elbows, scalp. Papule is a rash that rises above the surface of the skin. Color - reddish pink, clear borders. Gradually, they can merge and form elements like plaques.
Due to the hyperkeratosis characteristic of psoriasis, gray-yellow scales appear, which, when scraped, peel off, exposing the bleeding surface. The attachment of bacterial flora and inflammation leads to redness, swelling, and itching.
The characteristic features are called the psoriatic triad. If available, we can say with confidence that this is psoriasis:
- If the plaque is scraped off, the surface becomes white, like stearin. Flakes peel off. This phenomenon is called the “stearic stain,”
- If you further scrape away the plaque, then under the scales there will be a red edematous surface, as if covered with a film. This is the phenomenon of "thermal film",
- If you damage the thermal film, then drops of blood will appear. This sign is called "red blood dew."
"Losterin" is a line of products (shampoos, shower gels, creams) that have an effective therapeutic effect on the foci of inflammation at different stages, and are prescribed as one of the basic treatments for skin diseases.
Since psoriasis is a chronic disease and can "haunt" a person all his life, you need to adhere to the treatment plan constantly. Means of the Losterin line are not addictive and do not manifest themselves with a failure syndrome, therefore they can be used daily for constant monitoring of the disease.
The dynamics of the treatment of psoriasis with this tool at an early (progressive) (1, initial) and other stages can be tracked by photo.
Other benefits of Losterol include:
- the absence of hormones, dyes and fragrances in the composition,
- simplicity and long term of use,
- ease of application
- ease of washing off
- lack of marks on clothes.
Best Food Pharma is a trusted and trusted manufacturer that strictly controls the stages of production and sales of products.
According to their manifestations, the stages of development of psoriasis are divided into progressive, stationary and regressive. The progressive stage is characterized by the appearance of new papules and an increase in the size of existing formations, around which foci of erythematic border are formed.
A sharp exacerbation of the disease at this stage is facilitated by stressful situations and irrational spontaneous treatment methods, the effectiveness of which is called into question by traditional medicine.
With the transition to the stationary stage, the rash of new elements ceases, and those that already exist do not change in size. The regressive stage of the disease is noted by the gradual disappearance of the rashes, along the contour of which there remains a white border.
The disease develops in several stages:
- The initial stage signals the onset of the disease, during this period one, less often several pale spots appear, the skin begins to peel off
- The active stage is accompanied by severe symptoms, profuse discharge of skin scales, itching and inflammation.
- Stationary phase - indicates remission, peeling at this stage practically ceases, instead of a spot, patches of pigmentation or pale patches of pseudoatrophy are formed.
Psoriasis at the initial stage has symptoms and signs of an allergic skin reaction. The disease begins suddenly, reddish small rashes appear on the skin. In childhood, the symptoms and signs of psoriasis are often confused with diathesis or a manifestation of a food allergic reaction, which makes timely treatment difficult.
In young children, the manifestation of psoriasis of the first stage can be located in areas susceptible to friction when wearing clothes, while in adults the first signs of the disease are noted on the hands or body.
Over time, papules (the so-called pimples in psoriasis) are grouped together, forming flaky plaques. The islands of the disease can be covered with grayish scales, which are painlessly separated from the rash. All this is accompanied by swelling and irritation of the epidermis.
Many are interested in whether psoriasis itches at the initial stage and how to recognize the symptoms of psoriasis of the skin of the first stage. The following symptoms will help determine what the onset of psoriasis looks like:
- when scraping the rash, the plaque turns white, the scales easily go away,
- if we continue scraping, a reddish smooth spot (“thermal film”) forms at the site of the plaque,
- if you continue to scrape the formed spot, it will be covered with small drops of blood due to small-point hemorrhages.
The above techniques are used in the examination of the patient and can detect psoriasis at an early stage.
The initial form of psoriasis can last up to one month. Moreover, in some cases, exudate may be released at the sites of plaque formed. The wounds are covered with a crust, under which they get wet due to the release of fluid. Such a course of the disease can be complicated by the onset of infection and the onset of an extensive inflammatory process.
For 30–45 days you need to lubricate the affected areas of the hands with birch tar.It is better to do this an hour before bedtime. The substance must remain on the skin for at least 10 minutes, after which it is washed off with warm water. Gradually, the residence time of tar on plaques is increased to 30 minutes.
Birch tar is an effective folk remedy for psoriasis
Such a medicine is the most effective in the treatment of skin ailment. Folk remedy well removes unpleasant symptoms and prolongs the period of remission for a long time.
Psoriasis ointment from pork fat and propolis
To prepare the ointment, you need to take 200 g of lard and 100 g of propolis. Ingredients should be placed in the oven or oven until they are completely melted. After that, 2 tablespoons of sea buckthorn oil are added to the resulting mixture and wait for cooling. The ointment is applied to a clean body up to 6 times a day. The course of treatment lasts until the skin is completely cleansed.
Each patient must understand the severity of the disease. You should not wait until the rash goes away on its own. Negligence will only aggravate the problem. Timely treatment by a qualified specialist will help to avoid complications and negative consequences.
Psoriasis on the palms is a fairly common form of psoriasis, which can be observed as an independent phenomenon only on the palms, and it can be an hour.
The appearance of psoriasis is a very unpleasant phenomenon. The disease is accompanied by red rashes, in the form of papules and plaques. In addition, amazed learning.
One of the most unpleasant types of psoriasis is psoriasis on the face. The patient suffers not only from a medical problem, but also from severe constraint and.
Psoriasis is a very unpleasant chronic non-infectious disease. In the stage of relapse, dry scaly spots appear on the skin. They are accompanied.
Signs and symptoms of psoriasis in children
Initial signs of psoriasis in children:
- the manifestation of papules and vesicles on the skin of a child,
- a gradual increase in the area of damage, the appearance of a rash and peeling,
- the formation of cracks on the surface of the papule,
- the appearance of burning and itching.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease, therefore, a complete cure for the disease is impossible, however, the detection of pathology in the initial stages helps to reduce symptoms and achieve a significant improvement in the patient’s health.
At the first manifestations of the disease, you need to consult a dermatologist who not only makes the correct diagnosis, but also recommends effective methods of dealing with the disease.
In children prone to exudative manifestations, that is, to the release of exudate - serous fluid, the crusts become rough, thickened. Sites occupy large surfaces. Very often in a child, such rashes are confused with atopic manifestations of allergies.
Attempts to treat with traditional methods do not bring the desired success. Therefore, with a prolonged course of allergies, you need to consult an experienced dermatologist to verify the diagnosis. Only he can determine the disease and prescribe the correct and timely treatment.
Diagnosis of Psoriasis
Professional diagnosis of psoriasis allows you to determine the cause, form and stage of the disease. The most characteristic symptom for all forms of psoriasis without exception is damage to the nail plates, which manifests itself in a thickening, and then deepening of the surface of the nails and the appearance of red spots under the nail.
For an accurate diagnosis, a comprehensive examination is carried out using laboratory methods and modern equipment.
The absence of rational treatment regimens for psoriasis in the early stages, as well as the presence of aggravating adverse factors in the later stages, lead to the development of the most severe forms of the disease. Contacting the Oxford Medical Vinnitsa Medical Center at the first manifestations of symptoms will allow you to take control of the situation in the early stages, develop an optimal treatment regimen and significantly reduce the time and money spent on treatment.
To make a diagnosis, you should consult a dermatologist. Pathology has a clear clinical picture, confirmed by the anamnesis and biopsy of skin elements with their subsequent study.
The tactics of treating psoriasis at an early stage are gradually changing.If previously prescribed hormonal drugs of general action, now local drugs are widely used.
The following ointments well relieve the symptoms of psoriasis:
- Keratolic and moisturizing (Salicylic, Tar, Ichthyol, Belosalik).
- Vegetable (Psoriaten, Colchamin ointment).
- Glucocorticoid (Triderm, Sinaflan, Prednisolone).
- Cytostatic (fluorouracil, methotrexate).
- Based on solidol (Kartalin, Antipsor, Solipsor, Magnipsor, Akrustal).
- Based on oil (Naftaderm, Losterin).
Also, the doctor may prescribe sedatives, antihistamines for severe itching, immunomodulators and vitamin-mineral complexes. Treatment should also include physiotherapy. The following methods are widely used:
- paraffin baths
- PUVA therapy
- UV irradiation
- sulfide and radon baths.
Electrosleep and magnetic laser therapy have a beneficial effect. Cryotherapy (cold treatment) and hirudotherapy (treatment with leeches) are gaining popularity.
When treating psoriasis, the skin cannot be combed on the head. The head should be washed daily with medical shampoos with zinc, tar, selenium sulfide. A specialist can write out the following:
The treatment of psoriasis at home requires an integrated approach aimed at combating the external manifestations of the disease and achieving stable remission. When the first signs of psoriasis appear, treatment can consist of both medication and supplementation with the use of traditional medicine.
At the initial stage, medical procedures can be performed at home. They consist of:
- local treatment
- oral medication
- the use of traditional medicine,
- physiotherapy in a day hospital.
As a rule, the question of how to treat psoriasis at the initial stage is solved together with the attending dermatologist. At an early stage, local remedies are predominantly used to alleviate symptoms, speed recovery and relieve skin inflammation.
These are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ointments for psoriasis and creams based on salicylic acid, tar birch, ichthyol and naphthalan ointments.
The therapy can be supplemented by taking antihistamines to relieve itching - suprastin, fenistil, etc.
As physiotherapy, laser therapy, reflexology, acupuncture, cryotherapy, phototherapy, ultraviolet radiation are used.
Folk remedies are used in the form of:
- lotions, lotions based on infusions of herbs,
- ingestion of infusions and decoctions,
- baths with healing herbs,
- ointments of self-made.
Thanks to the regenerative and anti-inflammatory properties of herbs and other medicinal plants, psoriasis can be cured forever, and will be more successful.
Treatment should be accompanied by dietary supplements, additional intake of vitamin-mineral complexes, in particular, vitamins of group B and vitamin D. They have a positive effect on the regulation of metabolic processes, have anti-inflammatory, analgesic effects, accelerate the healing period, and improve lipid-carbohydrate metabolism.
A healthy lifestyle, a calm psycho-emotional atmosphere contribute to a speedy recovery and the prevention of exacerbation of psoriasis.
Folk remedies can supplement the main drug therapy, accelerate tissue regeneration and restoration, relieve itching and other symptoms of psoriasis.
With the appearance of itching and peeling of the skin, bathing with sea salt and infusion from a string and chamomile very well helps. For the preparation of infusion 2 tbsp. l
each herb is brewed with 1 liter of water. Leave to cool and let it brew for 30 minutes.
Then strain and add to the bath. It is also necessary to add 4-5 tbsp. l
sea salt. The duration of the bath is 20 minutes.
Water temperature should not be too high.
Also, the affected areas on the legs, arms, face and other parts of the body are treated with infusions of medicinal herbs. For these purposes, you should brew a teaspoon of nettle, burdock root, licorice and calamus, a series of 2 cups boiling water. Let it brew and cool, wipe the skin several times a day.
The use of local therapy is the most common method in the treatment of psoriasis. For external exposure, various ointments and shampoos are used, differing in their composition and spectrum of action.
The composition of such funds includes natural components and an active drug substance. These ointments can be used for a long time, however, the effect of such drugs will become visible only after 10-30 days of use. You can highlight the most commonly prescribed funds:
- Dayvonex. The cream contains artificially obtained vitamin D, which helps restore the damaged structure of the epidermis and eliminates itching. It is necessary to conduct a two-month course of therapy.
- Losterin. Due to the composition of salicylic acid and naphthalan, the product effectively fights against the disease, providing a disinfecting effect and helping to exfoliate dead tissue.
- Tsinokap. The main active ingredient is zinc pyrithione, which actively suppresses inflammation and fights against fungal infections. In addition, the ointment prevents the attachment of a secondary infection.
Despite the natural nature of ointments, they have some limitations in use, which are worth paying attention to.
These are potent drugs that include glucocorticosteroids. Such drugs are prescribed during exacerbations to quickly relieve symptoms. You can identify a number of the most popular hormonal ointments:
- Akriderm. The active substance is the hormone betamethasone. The tool has the ability to narrow blood vessels, and also effectively relieves itching.
- Elokom. The active substance is mometasone furoate. The ointment has a pronounced anti-allergic effect, and also successfully copes with inflammation.
- Dermoveit. It contains clobetasol. Helps reduce swelling, itching.
Regardless of the generation of the steroid, it cannot be used for longer than one week. Otherwise, atrophic changes in tissues may occur, and getting used to the composition will nullify all the results achieved.
To combat psoriasis of the scalp, specialized shampoos are used that not only help to properly care for damaged skin, but also relieve symptoms. The following groups of these tools are distinguished:
- Tar. These shampoos contain birch or juniper tar. With regular use, the product eliminates the symptoms of the disease in the form of itching and peeling. These are shampoos Friderm tar and Algopiks.
- Therapeutic. The products contain active ingredients such as zinc or selenium disulfide. They have a drying effect and disinfect skin. The most popular of these are Skin Cap and Sulsen.
- Antifungal. Actively fight against fungal infections of the dermis, and also effectively relieve itchy sensations. The most popular are Nizoral and Sebozol.
Usually, the use of these groups of shampoos alternates with a conventional hair wash to eliminate the possibility of overdrying the skin.
As a complement to therapy, physiotherapy procedures are often prescribed. They help not only to relieve symptoms, but also to prolong remission. The main procedures can be distinguished:
- Cryotherapy. This is a method of exposure to the skin at low temperatures, which reach minus 100 ° C. The procedure is carried out using liquid nitrogen. The course of therapy is from 30 days to a year, depending on the clinical case.
- UV therapy.A fairly popular method, which consists in exposure to the skin with ultraviolet light, which provokes the production of vitamin D.
- PUVA - therapy. This is the effect of long-wave ultraviolet with the simultaneous administration of a photosensitizing drug.
Some of the procedures have serious contraindications and side effects. A number of treatment methods can be carried out at home, for example, irradiation with UV and quartz lamps.
Therapy of the disease is carried out under the guidance of an experienced doctor, do not forget to come to the reception even with prolonged remission. Self-medication is fraught with aggravation of the course of the disease, the emergence of resistant forms. The sooner treatment is started, the more favorable the result can be obtained.
The scheme of external therapy is determined by the form and stage of the disease. In the treatment of psoriasis are used:
- keratoplastic preparations and emollients in moderate concentrations,
- creams, ointments and lotions containing glucocorticoids,
- topical calcineurin inhibitors.
If more than 20% of the skin surface is affected, which occurs in severe forms of psoriasis or in cases where external therapy is ineffective, our specialists prescribe an individual treatment regimen that includes detoxifying, re-correcting and hyposensitizing therapy.
Among the recommended physiotherapeutic procedures, photochemotherapy - ultraviolet irradiation (wavelength 320-400 nm) in combination with photosensitizers was noted as highly effective.
The treatment of the disease should be approached comprehensively, at the same time stopping external symptoms and affecting the possible cause of the disease.
In severe cases, measures are taken to reduce the body's immune attack on its own cells:
- Corticosteroid hormones
- Enterosorbents and hepatoprotectors are used to restore metabolism.
At the same time, measures are being taken to saturate the body with the necessary vitamins and minerals:
- One of the important trace elements responsible for the balance of hormones and skin health is silicon.
- Calcium and vitamin D3 - are necessary to transfer the disease into remission. Assigned together to enhance calcium absorption
To the question of whether it is possible to cure psoriasis in the initial stage, doctors, unfortunately, cannot give a positive answer. However, treatment initiated in a timely manner will allow to relieve the acute phase of the disease and return the patient to normal life.
If psoriasis of the initial form is diagnosed, treatment should be selected only by a dermatologist after all examinations. Self-treatment without consulting a specialist may not bring the expected result and only exacerbate the course of the disease.
Whether psoriasis can be cured in the early stages largely depends on the degree of damage and the location of the formed plaques.
The initial form of psoriasis is treated with the following means:
- ointments for local skin treatment,
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,
- physiotherapeutic methods
- diet adjustment
Ointments for the treatment of affected skin are selected by the doctor depending on the degree of damage. Typically, tar or solidol based preparations are used.
With extensive skin damage, treatment with ointments with corticosteroids in the composition is possible. Such drugs have a number of side effects, so they are prescribed only in case of severe illness.
The course of treatment should not be long and after the acute symptoms have been removed, such ointments should be replaced with more gentle preparations.
If psoriasis is diagnosed at an early stage, only a doctor can tell how to treat the disease. In some cases, a good effect is observed when using physiotherapy - paraffin baths or ultraviolet radiation.
With psoriasis in the initial stage, treatment at home should be agreed with the doctor. Having figured out how psoriasis manifests itself at the initial stage, it is necessary not to delay a visit to a specialist, since the disease progresses rapidly.
An exacerbation can begin suddenly, in which case folk remedies will help ease the patient's condition. For this purpose, medicinal baths with the addition of honey, medicinal herbs (chamomile, calendula), as well as natural oils are used. The goal of this treatment is to reduce itching and swelling, however, it should be used in conjunction with medications recommended by your doctor.
The answer to the question of whether psoriasis can be cured in the early stages and whether psoriasis can be cured at the very initial stage in children can only be given by the attending physician, based on the characteristics of the disease in the patient.
Medications for exacerbation of psoriasis
The main objectives of the treatment of psoriasis: eliminate its symptoms and achieve long-term remission. As a medication, a wide range of drugs is used, the action of which is aimed at solving these problems.
Several groups of drugs are used:
- hormonal / non-hormonal,
Medicines are used in the form of ointments, creams and tablet form. They are appointed in a complex and are selected individually. The purpose of certain drugs depends on the degree of psoriasis damage and the stage of its progress.
To accelerate the process of regeneration and death of scales, keratolic ointments are used. These properties are possessed by salicylic, tar, tar-sulfur ointments, unna cream. These are non-hormonal drugs that it is recommended to alternate from time to time to avoid addiction.
Corticosteroids are prescribed in the absence of the effect of other drugs, usually in the later stages of psoriasis. The popularity of their use is due to their high efficiency due to the pronounced anti-inflammatory effect.
One of the negative aspects of its frequent use is the risk of more severe psoriasis during the next relapse. Prolonged use of corticosteroids can lead to atrophy of the skin.
Periodic use of funds based on them with a mandatory break is recommended. Preparations are available in the form of ointments, creams and lotions.
Combined drugs, which include corticosteroids, antibiotics, salicylic acid, have proven themselves well.
These drugs are prescribed to relieve symptoms of itching and burning. Their action is to suppress histamine, which causes unpleasant symptoms. The following products are most popular:
- Suprastin. This is a first generation drug. It relieves itching for a short time, therefore it is taken three times a day. It has a strong sedative property.
- Fenistil. The drug is the second generation. It does not have a sedative effect, but it is contraindicated in people with heart problems.
- Zirtek. The third generation tool. Does not cause drowsiness or adverse reactions. The effect of the drug is quite long.
Also, funds well remove puffiness.
Important! Psoriatics often suffer from sleep disturbances, so they are primarily prescribed first-generation antihistamines.
Enterosorbents detoxify the body, removing all toxins and harmful substances from the body. The following most popular absorbent agents can be distinguished:
Cleansing the body is an important step in the treatment of the disease. Intoxication reduces the absorption of beneficial nutrients, exacerbates trophic tissue, which leads to the formation of plaques on the skin.
Assigned in cases where the disease is accompanied by the addition of infection. The following drugs are most popular:
Drugs are used when absolutely necessary. Uncontrolled treatment exacerbates not only the condition of the skin, but also disrupts the gastrointestinal tract, and therefore the intake of natural vitamins and minerals into the body decreases.
Important! You can not prescribe medications for yourself, before therapy, you must seek the advice of a specialist.
With exacerbation of psoriasis, injections are used. The following solutions are generally prescribed:
- Diprospan. The active ingredient is betamethasone dipropionate, which actively suppresses the inflammatory process and improves metabolic functions.
- Suprastin. The drug is antihistamine. Effectively relieves the symptoms of psoriasis.
- Reamberin. Designed for detoxification of the body. In addition, the solution has antioxidant properties.
The drugs have contraindications, which are worth paying attention to.
To protect the skin, external agents are used in the field of ointments and creams:
- Glucocorticoids, which reduce the immune response, also reduce the symptoms of inflammation, relieve itching and swelling of the skin
- Salicylic acid, ichthyol ointment and herbal remedies are necessary to moisturize the skin and protect against secondary infection
- Topical cytostatics are used only in the active phase of the disease in its severe course
In order to accelerate the healing process, physiological procedures are prescribed:
- UV exposure
- Laser processing
If necessary, plasmapheresis is performed to clean the blood plasma and stabilize the cells.
If a predisposition to the disease is identified, a number of preventive measures must be taken:
- Lead a healthy lifestyle, quit smoking and alcohol
- Build a daily routine, avoid stress, rationalize the organization of the work schedule
- Follow a diet, abandon excessive amounts of carbohydrates, spices and fatty foods. Preservatives and instant foods are advisable.
- Spend enough time outdoors
- Use soap and shampoo with a specially selected pH, do not use hard washcloths and towels, thoroughly dry the skin after a shower
- Wear clothing made from natural materials that are not too close to the body
- Periodically undergo a medical examination, monitor the level of hormones in the blood, if necessary, proceed to early treatment
Such measures will help maintain healthy skin and significantly improve the quality of life.
Means of internal treatment
From psoriasis often take infusions:
- Flaxseed infusion. It is necessary to take 40 g of seeds and pour them with 0.5 l of boiling water. Insist in a thermos for 24 hours. Take a tablespoon before breakfast.
- Infusion of birch mushroom. Take 20 g of mushroom and pour 0.5 liters of warm boiled water. Infused day. It is necessary to drink a tablespoon of the composition a day before meals.
It is also useful to drink chamomile infusion, which can be bought at a pharmacy and brewed like regular tea.
Means of external use
The following recipes are most popular and effective:
- Healing bath. It is necessary to make a decoction of 40 g of a mixture of string and chamomile, which are filled with 500 ml of boiling water. Insist means costs 30 minutes, after which it must be poured into a filled bath. A session should not exceed 25 minutes.
- Ointment. It is necessary to mix in equal parts birch tar and fat solidol. To the ointment, you can add a few drops of sea buckthorn oil. The tool needs to lubricate the lesions for 30 minutes.
- Compresses It is necessary to crush aloe leaves into the gruel and place them on gauze. These compresses must be applied to psoriatic plaques for 1 hour.
The regular use of these funds will help to get rid of the disease in a shorter time.
Therapy may not give a result if you do not follow a proper diet, which excludes the use of the following products:
- canned food
- fatty food,
- smoked meats
- fast food,
- spicy food,
- alcoholic drinks.
Preference should be given to fresh vegetables and fruits rich in fiber, as well as protein foods. Cook steaming or bake food in foil.
As you know, it is impossible to get rid of psoriasis, but with proper therapy and following simple rules, you can quickly and permanently enter the disease into a state of remission. You just need to remember that the sooner treatment begins, the easier the process of getting rid of psoriasis will go.